By 2013, global terrorism and armed conflict in Afghanistan had changed the internal security paradigm of Pakistan. Pakistan’s economy had suffered a loss of more than US$ 78 billion in the previous ten years. More than 50,000 Pakistanis, including civil, Armed Forces and law enforcement agencies (LEAs) personnel, had sacrificed their lives of affected bodily. This challenged the resolve and resilience of the people of Pakistan for peace.
The National Internal Security Policy (NISP) 2014:
The Ministry of Interior came up with a comprehensive and first-ever policy document on internal security and counter-terrorism. The National Internal Security Policy (NISP 2014) was conceived and prepared on the initiative and under the guidance of the then Minister for Interior and subsequently approved by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet.
The NISP 2014 was based upon “principles of mutual inclusiveness and integration of all national efforts” and included three elements viz.
Key Policy Framework Areas under NISP-2014:
The key policy areas of NISP were divided into the following two broad categories:
A: Comprehensive Response Plan (CRP) or Soft Components
|S||Policy Area||Action By|
|1||Reconstruction||NACTA to prepare estimate of losses and Federal Government to prepare Reconstruction & Compensation Package|
|2||Reconciliation, Rehabilitation & Reintegration (3 Rs) with National De-radicalization Program||NACTA in coordination with Provincial Governments|
|3||National Narrative||National Consultative Process through NACTA|
|4||Integration of Madrasahs into Provincial Educational Stream and Mainstreaming||NACTA in coordination with Ministry of Religious Affairs, Ministry of Education and Provincial Governments|
|5||Comprehensive Arms Control Regime||Ministry of Interior|
|6||Western Border Management System||Ministry of Interior and Civil Armed Forces (Rangers, Frontier Corps & Constabulary, GB Scouts, Coast Guards)|
|7||Capacity Building of CAFs/ Police/ Criminal Justice System||57 new Units of FC raised in FY 2015/16 and 2016/17 & Rapid Response Force established in Provincial CTDs|
|8||Directorate of Internal Security (DIS) under NACTA to coordinate effort of 33 LEAs/ CAFs/ Intel. Agencies in Country||Joint Intelligence Directorate NACTA|
|9||Countering Financing of Terrorism (CFT)||NACTA, Ministry of Finance and Provincial Governments|
|10||Legal Reforms||NACTA, Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Law & Justice|
B: Composite Deterrence Plan (CDP) or Hard Component
The Composite Deterrence Plan included the concept of National Internal Security Apparatus (NISA comprising Police and Civil Armed Forces), filling its inadequacies through strengthening and capacity building and its coordinated anti-terrorist effort through National Internal Security Operations Centre (NISOC) under the oversight of the Federal Government. This concept of CDP translated into thousands of Intelligence Based Operations (7,522 IBOs) carried out countrywide on account of intelligence sharing and fusion at the local levels, by the Integrated Security Apparatus.
Text of National Internal Security Policy 2014-2018
For a complete text of the National Internal Security Policy document, please click on the Pdf link below: