Extremist Groups at the doorstep of mainstream educational institutions and their strategies to attract the youth
For a very long time, it was considered that extremism in Pakistan was primarily driven by poverty. The discourse was based on the argument that discontentment , unemployment and frustration against the state lead to motivated violence by the youth. This primarily explained the nexus between terrorists hot-spots and impoverished areas like Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and South Punjab. However, few recent incidents and apprehension by LEAs indicate that poverty is not the only driver of extremism. Through social media and access to higher educational institutions, young students are trapped through emotional and ideological luring; these young people eventually get involved with radical organizations and some of them actually commit ideologically driven acts of violence.
Hence, a strong need was felt for an in depth analysis of other motivating factors particularly drugs and social media use as tool by various extremist groups to attract the young students as they first commit themselves to the extremist ideology and later join the extremist groups as active members. Research study has been awarded to researcher and the project activities are in progress.